Instructional strategy: Jeopardy

Create an in-browser Jeopardy game…

https://jeopardylabs.com/browse/?q=logic&sort_by=_score&submit=Search

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Aussie party boy

Video link here

Possible topics / activities:

  • Values analysis
  • Professional ethics
  • Discuss “Should Corey be held responsible?”
  • Discuss “Should the anchor have asked Corey to take off his glasses?”

Posted in added to QuestionThink, Critical thinking, Duty ethics, Egoism, Ethical issues, Fun videos, How should we act?, Logic, Logical argument, Perception, Reason, Social contract, Values, What led to that conclusion? | Leave a comment

Difficult topics

What is your position?


photo credit: Facebook

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Creativity and Logic

Neuroscientist Beau Lotto

“Creativity asks us to do that which is hardest: to question our assumptions, to doubt what we believe to be true.”

http://bigthink.com/videos/beau-lotto-creativity-is-another-form-of-logic

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Animal smarts: Pigeons

“New research at the University of Iowa shows that pigeons can discriminate the abstract concepts of space and time—and seem to use a different region of the brain than humans and primates to do so.”

Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-12-pigeons-discriminate-space.html

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Ethics experiment: Bullying

In this experiment, more people stood up for a bullied Whopper than a bullied teenager.

Video source: here

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Ethical dilemma: Resuscitation

An unconscious man has “Do Not Resuscitate” tattooed on his chest.

Should the tattoo be honored?

http://www.newsweek.com/do-not-resuscitate-unconscious-patients-tattoo-causes-ethical-dilemma-florida-728693

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Conceptual clarification for the skies

Article: Clear skies ahead: how improving the language of aviation could save lives

“Between 1976 and 2000, more than 1,100 passengers and crew lost their lives in accidents in which investigators determined that language had played a contributory role.”

link: http://theconversation.com/clear-skies-ahead-how-improving-the-language-of-aviation-could-save-lives-66561

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The role of philosophy in… entrepreneurship

“Billionaire LinkedIn founder Reid Hoffman says his masters in philosophy has helped him more than an MBA”

http://www.businessinsider.com/reid-hoffman-linkedin-credits-success-to-philosophy-education-2017-11

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The role of philosophy… in science education

“Why Philosophy is so important in science education”

http://bigthink.com/aeon-ideas/why-philosophy-is-so-important-in-science-education

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Conceptual analysis: “wellness”

How do we define “wellness”? How should we define “wellness”?

https://aeon.co/essays/what-do-face-transplants-say-about-identity-and-wellbeing

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Cognitive abilities of pigs

Some videos that address pigs’ cognitive abilities…

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Conceptual analysis: “high blood pressure”

“You may not have had high blood pressure Sunday, but you may have it today. Even if your blood pressure hasn’t changed a smidge. What’s up?”

Your blood pressure did not change.

The concept did not change. (It’s still “high blood pressure”.)

The criteria changed. In other words, the conditions that qualify one as having “high blood pressure” changed.

Read the article here.

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Cambridge Declaration on Consciousness in Non-Human Animals

In 2012, a group of neuroscientists signed the Cambridge Declaration on Consciousness, which asserts that “humans are not unique in possessing the neurological substrates that generate consciousness. Non-human animals, including all mammals and birds, and many other creatures, including octopuses, also possess these neural substrates.”

video link: here
Resources from the 2012 conference: here
More about the conference, and declaration: here and here

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The Psychology of Cows

http://www.newsweek.com/cow-cattle-animal-intelligence-science-personalities-emotion-697979

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Moral Behavior in Animals

Speaker: Frans de Waal
video link: here

In this video, de Waal covers various experiments that test reciprocity & fairness, and empathy & compassion, in primates, elephants, and other animals.

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The Trolley Problem in Episode 19 of “The Good Place”

(Thanks Alexandrea, for the heads up on this)

“Netflix is particularly fond of the trolley experiment, which was featured in the most recent seasons of two of its original shows this past summer. In the penultimate episode of Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt’s third season, the protagonist Kimmy takes a college philosophy class, learns about the trolley problem, and becomes obsessed with utilitarianism. Similarly, in a Season 5 episode of Orange Is the New Black—not so subtly titled “Tied to the Tracks”—a character uses the trolley problem to explain the “classic deontological dilemma” of whether to sacrifice one woman for the greater good” (more here)

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Chimps play ultimatum game

video link: here

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Waiting Room Policy

What should the policy be?

A clip from Curb Your Enthusiasm…

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Is Data sentient? Can he reason?

Is Star Trek’s Commander Data a sentient being? Can he reason?

Explore possible answers to those questions in the episode titled “The Measure of a Man”.

View the clip here.

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Conceptual Analysis

A brief introduction to a common practice in contemporary philosophy
By Andrew Cullison

Several more resources

http://libguides.usc.edu/humanitiesresearch/conceptual

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/analysis/

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Animal Sentience Journal

Animal Sentience: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Animal Feeling

http://animalstudiesrepository.org/animsent/

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Has reasoned thinking lost its power?

Speakers:
Rebecca Newberger Goldstein & Steven Pinker

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Bonobo intelligence

Speaker: Susan Savage-Rumbaugh
video link: here
Kanzi the bonobo @ Wikipedia: here

“… There were Tasmanians who were discovered around the 1600s and they had no fire. They had no stone tools. To our knowledge they had no music. So when you compare them to the Bonobo…”

“We found that the most important thing for permitting Bonobos to acquire language is not to teach them. It’s simply to use language around them, because the driving force in language acquisition is to understand what others, that are important to you, are saying to you. Once you have that capacity, the ability to produce language comes rather naturally and rather freely.”

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Robot Ethics

One problem is that the concept of “harm” is complex, context-specific and is difficult to explain clearly to a robot. If a robot doesn’t understand “harm”, how can they avoid causing it? “We realized that we could use different perspectives to create ‘good’ robot behavior, broadly in keeping with Asimov’s laws,” says Christoph Salge, another scientist involved in the study.

Article:

https://phys.org/news/2017-07-empowering-robots-ethical-behavior.html

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The Problem of Perception

“Many people can’t tell when photos are fake. Can you?”

http://www.niemanlab.org/2017/07/people-have-trouble-a-detecting-faked-images-and-b-identifying-where-theyve-been-changed/

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Animal Rights

Speaker: Steven Wise
video link: here

“But being human and being a legal person has never been, and is not today, synonymous with a legal person. Humans and legal persons are not synonymous.”

“On the one side, there have been many human beings over the centuries who have been legal things. Slaves were legal things. Women, children, were sometimes legal things.”

“…on the other side are legal persons, but they’ve never only been limited to human beings. There are, for example, there are many legal persons who are not even alive. In the United States, we’re aware of the fact that corporations are legal persons. In pre-independence India, a court held that a Hindu idol was a legal person, that a mosque was a legal person. In 2000, the Indian Supreme Court held that the holy books of the Sikh religion was a legal person, and in 2012, just recently, there was a treaty between the indigenous peoples of New Zealand and the crown, in which it was agreed that a river was a legal person who owned its own riverbed.”

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Trolley Problem in Orange is the New Black

Season 5, Episode 8

http://ew.com/recap/orange-is-the-new-black-season-5-episode-8/

Thanks for the heads up Sydney!

Posted in Critical thinking, Ethical issues, How should we act?, Logic, Not on QuestionThink yet, Thought experiments, Trolley problem | Leave a comment

What is your criteria?

Numb3rs “Mind Game”

00:10:04 … whether they admit to it or not.

00:10:06 – Thank you for destroying any confidence I had in public safety.

00:10:09 – What is your criteria for this categorical dismissal of parapsychological phenomena?

00:10:13 – Reality.

00:10:16 – Oh, yes, reality. What would that be? Newtonian reality? Einsteinian reality? Quantum reality?

http://www.subzin.com/quotes/S446449805/Numb3rs/Mind+Games/What+is+your+criteria+for+this+categorical+dismissal+of+parapsychological+phenomena%3F

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Technology Issues Jackpot

A great source for ethical dilemmas and policy issues in science and technology:

http://reillytop10.com/

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